שמע ישראל ה' אלהינו ה' אחד
فمن كان يرجوا لقاء ربه فليعمل عملا صالحا ولا يشرك بعبادة ربه أحدا


Aug 31, 2014

Learning Chemistry

Posted By Snow at 8/31/2014 7 comments
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

والسماء رفعها ووضع الميزان
And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance. [Quran 55:7]

... ونضع الموازين القسط ليوم القيامة
And We (shall) place the scales of justice on the Day of Resurrection... [Partial Quran 21:47]


This is an atom. In its center, there is a [1] nucleus, surrounded by [2] electrons. Inside the nucleus there are neutrons & protons, and further inside there are sub atomic particles like quarks... [subatoms | Q10:61] Anyway, the protons inside the nucleus have a positive charge (+), while the electrons have a negative charge (—). When the number of protons equals the number of electrons, the charges balance.


Nucleur Fusion

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وما أدراك ما الطارق النجم الثاقب
And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is? (It is) the star of piercing brightness. [Quran 86:2-3]

Tarq طرق means "knock, pound". Is At-Tariq الطارق "the pounding", referring to the smashing & fusing of atoms inside stars?

The first atomic element was created when the universe began. It is the simplest,  1  hydrogen. Hydrogen is numbered 1, which means it has 1 proton & 1 electron. Then gravity pulls the hydrogen atoms together into clumps. As more time passed, the clumps grew in size & pressure — until the atoms move so fast it start to smash & fuse their nucleus. This is called nuclear fusion.

Nuclear fusion created the second & third elements —  2  helium &  3  lithium. It also turned mass into light, so let there be light, the clumps burn as bright flaming stars! ماشاء الله Inside the stars, the nuclear fusion continues, smashing & fusing, forming more & more elements.


Periodic Table Elements


After the stars cooked up the elements in the periodic table [ref], we have all kinds of atoms.
For starters, these are atoms with elements number 1 - 18, with the protons numbered.


Bonding

As you can see, atoms have shells around their nucleus. Atoms seek to have full shells, as it makes them stable (less reactive to other atoms).

For atoms with the atomic number 1-18, full shells means the 2-8-8 rule:
· shell 1 has 2 electrons
· shell 2 has 8 electrons
· shell 3 has 8 electrons

Atoms can give or share its electrons with other atoms, to make full shells.
Example 1: Give

The  9  fluorine atom can't make a full second shell bcoz it's missing an electron.  11  Sodium has an extra electron.

When sodium gives this electron to flourine, it becomes positively charged (more protons). When flourine receives this electron, it becomes negatively charged (more electrons). The opposite charges attracts & bond them. This is an ionic bond. [electromagnetic]

Example 2: Share

The   8  oxygen atom need 2 electrons to make a full second shell. When it meets another oxygen atom, both of them have the same electrons so no one wants to give. But they can share. Atom1 shares 2 electrons & Atom2 shares 2 electrons. This is a covalent bond.

Snowflake diagram is here

OK. So I tried figuring how 2 hydrogen & 1 oxygen atoms bond to become water molecules. Is this right? So, when we have H2O, we have water. Then water & other elements bond to make up our human body. خلق من الماء بشرا [Q25:54]


I also tried figuring how the same carbon atom make two opposite stones - diamond & graphite. Even when both are pure carbon, it is their structure which makes them different. I hope I get the structure right. (◠v◠)'




Then hydrogen - carbon (hydro carbon), then with oxygen and more elements

So that's how atoms build the universe, by bonding & interacting with each other... ماشاء الله


Fundamental Forces

Atoms interaction is governed by 4 fundamental forces:


 1  Electromagnetic
It attracts or repulse electrically charged matter, causing electric or magnetic effects.
 2  Strong
It holds the positive nucleus together, so it basically attracts.
 3  Weak
It ejects sub atoms from the nucleus, causing radioactive decay.
 4  Gravity
It attracts matter
by their mass.

surrender

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

سبح اسم ربك الأعلى
الذي خلق فسوى والذي قدر فهدى
والذي أخرج المرعى فجعله غثاء أحوى
Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High. Who has created (everything), and then proportioned it. And Who has measured (destined) and guided. And who brings out the pasture, and (then) makes it black stubble. [Holy Quran 87:1-5]

Well... when I was in school, I only passed chemistry once. (m - m) But I'm so curious. So this is figuring things out & making it easy... I hope I get this right. (◠v◠)' At least now I see that the universe is designed - there are measurements, balance & time in the atom. Everything in this universe is obedient to a Law.

Jabir ibn Hayyan wrote Kitab Al-Kimya in the 8th century & inspired the European Geber. [ref]
Dreaming of the past? Well... now we have Zara Salim Davidson. الحمد لله

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors.
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

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Aug 27, 2014

Family Of Juda

Posted By Snow at 8/27/2014 2 comments


Rest in peace, family of Juda and all the rest الله يرحمهم
A mother & her 4 children from the Juda family was killed when their house was shelled
The funeral ceremony was held on Sunday, August 24, 2014

89 families killed . 577 children killed . 3,300 children wounded [ref | photo]

.........................................................................................................................

Two of these Juda brothers seems white & the other one seems brown. ماشاء الله


 1  So. Have you ever wondered who is the ancient Israelite?

They're Semite. Semite are descendants of Shem (سام), the son of Prophet Noah . [lineage] Their lands encompass the Middle East, which means Arabs are also Semite. I.e: Prophet Abraham , the ancestor of both Israelite & Arabs, came from ancient Iraq - he was Middle Eastern, not European.

They had lived in Egypt, which is in Africa. Prophet Joseph married an Egyptian there, Prophet Moses married a Midian [Q28:27-28] & Prophet David's great grandmother Ruth was a Moabite.

The Israelite have mixed married in the Middle East. | DNA

 2  So, how do the Israelite look like?
وأما موسى فآدم جسيم سبط ، كأنه من رجال الزط ...
... Moses was of brown complexion, straight hair and tall stature as if he was from the people of Az-Zutt. [Partial Sahih Bukhari, Vol 4 Book 55 Hadith 648]

The Roma flag also have the 16 petals chakra
Prophet Moses is brown, straight hair & tall as if he was from the people of Az-Zutt. So, who are these Az-Zutt? Britannica states, the Az-Zutt is a nomadic Roma (Gypsy) folk in Oman. In Europe, they're currently its largest minority group.

The Romas are thought to have come from Egypt (hence Gyspy). Still research suggests they came from India in the 6th century Roman-Persian era. [Isabel, Requiro] So, did they traveled from India → Alexandria → Athens? [map] They speak a language of Indo-Aryan. & some brown Romas do have blonde children. [Iancu Muntean, Maria Ruseva] ماشاء الله

It seems strange, but it seems like the diversity of Central Asians.

 3  So, is the Israelite as diverse?


The Penang Jewish Cemetery
Established in 1805
web | ref
When we look at the State of Israel, perhaps we usually see white European Jews who claim Israelite ancestry - they are Ashkenazis. But there are 10x more Israelite who are not Jews, e.g: the Samaritan. These are Israelite tribes which had separated from the Jews - they are NOT Jews.

& the Jews themselves are not all Ashkenazi. There are Arab Jews, Spanish Jews. There is also the Malayali (Cochin) Jews in Kerala, India - & these Jews are brown. After the spread of Christianity, some of these Cochin Jews converted & became Nasrani. So, there are brown Jewish descendants who became Christians. فآمنت طائفة من بني إسرائيل [Q 61:14, 3:52]

Some Jews became Muslims too, e.g: Rashid al-Din of Persia.
The Israelite are diverse and have mixed across nations.




This is love beyond boundaries, all our brothers of the House of Israel
Zot ahava lelo gvulot, acheinu kol Beit Yisrael

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors.
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

This post was updated on 22nd March 2016 الحمد لله
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Aug 14, 2014

Milleniums AC

Posted By Snow at 8/14/2014 2 comments

Palmyra, Syria, 2nd Century | UNESCO

During the dawn of the 1st century, I read the Roman Empire was in a period of peace & prosperity - known as Pax Romana. In the 2nd century, there was a wealthy Roman city in Syria called Palmyra - it linked the East (Persia, India, China) & the West (Mediterranean). Perhaps, this is the route map:


The East-West met in Syria

In the 7th century, even Prophet Muhammad - a young man before his prophethood - traded in Syria, bringing caravans from Mecca. So I wonder, was Syria an international trade center, bringing in traders & goods from around the world? ماشاء الله والله أعلم

Still, the Roman Empire met its match in the Persian Empire here. A mark of this rivalry is when the Romans fell to the Persian, in Jerusalem. But they later defeated the Persian & regained Jerusalem. غلبت الروم‏.‏ في أدني الأرض، وهم من بعد غلبهم سيغلبون‏ [Q30:2-6]


The dawn of Islam, 7th century

إذا هلك قيصر فلا قيصر بعده ، وإذا هلك كسرى فلا كسرى بعده
"If Caesar is ruined, there will be no Caesar after him; and if Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau, after him". [SB8.78.625] & the words of Prophet Muhammad came true - years after he passed away. Both the Roman & Persian Empires fell.

The Umayyad Mosque, Syria

Syria & Jerusalem came under the Muslims. It was the second Caliph, Umar al-Khattab who brought back the Jews into Jerusalem. Then the third Caliph, Uthman bin Affan sent an envoy to China. His family the Umayyad ruled Syria - they built the Dome of Rock. Later after they fell, the Umayyad moved to Spain & established al-Andalus. الحمد لله


The rise of the Mongol Empire, 13th century. Credit: National Geographic 1996

The Ilkhanate

Then from the East came the Mongols & the Abbasid in Baghdad fell. The Mongol conquered cities from Asia to Europe & became the largest contiguous empire in human history. After the conquests, they connected trade cities between the East & the West, and eased trade flows across the empire. This brought a period of peace & prosperity - known as Pax Mongolica.

Eventually, the Mongols in Persia (Ilkhanate) embraced Islam. الحمد لله & the mystery is... did these Mongols influence from the Ottoman, Central Asia, Mughal in India, Sultanate of Malacca, to China? But they're Asians in the Middle East. I'm mystified. (◠v◠)'


Xi'an Mosque
China, 8th

Mezquita
Spain, 10th

Kairaouine Mosque
Morocco, 10th

Qalawun Complex
Egypt, 13th

Mustansiriya Madrassa
Iraq, 13th

Turabeg Khanym
Turkmenistan, 14th

Registan
Uzbekistan, 15th

Taj Mahal
India, 17th

Sultanahmet Mosque
Turkey, 17th
. Jabir Ibn Hayyan (chemistry), 8th
. Al-Khwarizmi (algebra), 8th
. Al-Haytham (optics), 10th
. Al-Biruni (anthropology), 10th
. Avicenna (medicine), 10th
. Ali Al-Abbas (medicine), 10th
. Al-Zahrawi (surgery), 10th
. Al-Sufi (astronomy), 10th
. Al-Khazini (astronomy), 12th
. Rashid Al-Din (history), 13th
. Ibn Battuta (geographer), 14th
. Zheng He (navigator), 15th
Some Islamic architectures & scholars from the West Andalus to the East Mongol | Books الحمد لله



The European Age of Discovery, Around 15th Century | wikipedia


The Portuguese
A Famosa
in Malacca,
built in 1511
Meanwhile, after the fall of Rome, Europe dimmed into the Dark Ages. But they were illuminated again - was it because of knowledge exchanges with the Islamic world? They met in Al-Andalus... Now they look more like Arabs, right?

After the Renaissance, the 15th century Age of Discovery saw the Europeans left the Mediterranean to the West in search of the Spice Route. Were they looking for India, is that why Native Americans are Red Indians? (◠v◠) As they go West, they found the Americas & circumnavigated the Earth.

So the Portuguese trailed Africa, eventually finding Ceylon & Malacca. & they conquered Malacca. After they built the A Famosa fortress, were the traders from Syria shocked & told this tale as the tale of Aladdin? والله أعلم Then in the next centuries - the Portuguese, Spain, British, Dutch, French rose as colonial empires across the world.


After the colonial era, various countries have now achieved independence. But western civilization still influences their present lifestyle, as it was deeply ingrained in their past.

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500 Rome, Persia

1000 Arab

1400 Mongol

1700 Ottoman,
Portugal, Spain

1900 Europe

2000 Nations

What happened before all these?
Millenium BC

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors.
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

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